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Pre-Crimes, Pre-Schools, and the Passive Voice

Written by Gary North on December 17, 2016

Passive voice: “Something should be done about this.”
Active voice: “Give me a badge and a gun, and I will do it.”

A GaryNorth.com site member spotted this article.

A simple test at the age of three can determine whether children will grow up to be a burden on society, needing excessive welfare, ending up in jail or becoming obese.

Scientists at King’s College London followed more than 1,000 children from before school until they were 38, to find out if it was possible to predict who would go on to lead troubled lives.

All were given a 45 minute test aged three to gauge intelligence, language and motor skills, and were also assessed about their levels of tolerance, restlessness, impulsivity and social disadvantage.

After 35 years, the researchers found one fifth of the group was responsible for 81 per cent of the criminal convictions; three quarters of drug prescriptions; two thirds of welfare benefit payments and more than half of nights in hospital.

This is a standard 20/80 Pareto distribution. Nothing new here.

Then the article gets more interesting.

But crucially, they discovered that the outcome could have been predicted decades earlier, simply by looking at which children attained the lowest test scores aged three.

The team believe that if all children could be tested it would be possible to work out who were at greatest risk, so that interventions could be made to prevent them slipping into a life where they were a burden on the state.

Always be alert to the passive voice when reading articles on how things can be fixed. Ask yourself these questions:

Fixed by whom?
At what cost?
With what effects on liberty?

We read: “The team believe that if all children could be tested.” I’ll bet the team has specific testers in mind, people just like the team members. Caring people. People who have the best interests of the state in mind.

“About 20 per cent of population is using the lion’s share of a wide array of public services,” said Prof Terrie Moffitt, of King’s College and Duke University in North Carolina. “The same people use most of the NHS, the criminal courts, insurance claims, for disabling injury, pharmaceutical prescriptions and special welfare benefits.

I see. Testing would be a cost-cutting measure for the state. It would not lead to reduced taxation, I predict. It would lead to more money to test even more children.

“If we stopped there it might be fair to think these are lazy bums who are freeloading off the taxpayer and exploiting the public purse.

“But we also went further back into their childhood and found that 20 per cent begin their lives with mild problems with brain function and brain health when they were very small children.

“Looking at health examinations really changed the whole picture. It gives you a feeling of compassion for these people as opposed to a feeling of blame.

“Being able to predict which children will struggle is an opportunity to intervene in their lives very early to attempt to change their trajectories, for everyone’s benefit and could bring big returns on investment for government.”

Ah, yes: compassion. Shown by compassionate employees of the compassionate state.

The team began the project to test the ‘Pareto principle’ – also known as the ’80-20 rule’ – which states that in the majority of systems, around 80 per cent of the effects come from about 20 per cent of the causes.

This principle has been found to work computer science, biology, physics, economics and many other fields.

So far, so good.

Then the hard sell:

The new research found that the law is also true for societal burden. As well as increased criminality and NHS use, the most costly participants of the study also carried 40 per cent of the obese weight and filed 36 per cent of personal-injury insurance claims.

“Most expenses from social problems are concentrated in a small segment of the population,” said co-author Prof Avshalom Caspi, of King’s College and Duke University.

“So whatever segment of the health, social or judicial system that you look at, we find a concentration. That concentration approximates what Pareto anticipated over 100 years ago.

(For the rest of my article, click the link.)

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